Since the arrival of the Tutsi people into the region of Rwanda and Burundi they were able to dominate the much larger population of the Hutu. The Tutsi are much taller and were herdsmen while the Hutu were smaller and were farmers of the land. The Tutsi seemed to posses a greater knowledge than the Hutu people and were able to form an army that exerted their dominance over the region. Even though the Tutsi had conquered the region they lived in relative peace with the Hutu until the arrival of the first Europeans at the beginning of the 19th century. The Tutsi were favored by these Europeans because of their lighter skin and their dominance and ability to lead. There was no racial exploitation on the part of the Tutsi although they were in control, but the Europeans saw to it to exploit the situation and a harsh caste system developed. Social mobility allowed wealthy Hutu to marry into Tutsi families and Tutsi who had fallen on hard times could take up farming and become Hutu. It was more than racial it was an extreme upper class and extreme lower class. The Europeans further added to the problem by taking sides and favoring one over the other, Tutsi over Hutu, but then switch their position causing Civil War to break out. Each outside group that came to power in the region exploited the two tribes and caused them to commit terrible injustices over the other.
From the Tutsi perspective they were in power, they had the ability to mobilize and army to gain dominance over the Hutu. They came to power because they were a much more organized people and brought stability to the region. They possessed far greater knowledge and the drive to succeed and this was recognized by educated Europeans. The Tutsi earned the right to rule the region through hard work, innovation, and determination. The Hutu people could not do for themselves what the Tutsi had done and that is to turn the region into one that at one point was one of the richest in the world. Only when the manipulation of the Belgian’s switched to put the less educated and unorganized Hutu in power did the region fall apart. The Hutu could not be satisfied with this nor were they capable of running an organized country. They only sought revenge against the Tutsi for their rule for centuries over them. The Hutu were not educated nor did they possess the ability to lead. The lower class was meant for work and service not for leadership, which clearly before Europeans started meddling in the affairs of the Tutsi, was the case. Did the country rule itself and prosper under the expertise of farming? No it was clearly that of the superior Tutsi organization. The Europeans are to blame for unsettling this natural balance and turning the uncivilized Hutu against the Tutsi. If the Tutsi are not superior and natural leaders over the much larger population of Hutu, then how is it that so few Tutsi were able to gain control of the region? The Tutsi also did not try to exterminate the Hutu out of existence, but when the Hutu were put in control of the region they sought on several occasions to eliminate the Tutsi population. They did not gain control through natural circumstances either, the Hutu were placed in control after the Tutsi tried to fight the Europeans for independence of the country. The Hutu would rather be puppets of an outside regime than fight for their own independence. The Tutsi have given more to the region than the Hutu who need to accept their natural order as the working class and give way to the Tutsi who have the natural ability to bring organization and stability to the region.
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